14. When the pattern on the head is ready we need to paint legs. I started from the fronts legs. First the pattern on the arm, ( Images 53-54) it is a bit complicated so it will be important now to compare as often as possible to the photos of real zebra pattern. Lower part of the leg is not that complicated but the lines are very thin. you need very thin brush and a paint of rather thin consistency (add thinner to the paint) yes, it is in general --> thin, thin, thin, lines, lines, lines (images 56-58). On the hind legs stripes are thicker in the upper part and then go gradually thinner in the lower part (images 59 and 60).
15. Now, when the zebra has all the stripes painted, it's time to add some other details and effects to the paintwork. I use pastels and fixative to get some nice, soft effects.
I apply the pigment with soft brushes, I have separate brush for each colour (Image 62).
Each colour need to be applied in 2-3 layers of pigments. Each layer must be protected with fixative and this must dry before applying next layer of pigment. Sometimes you need even more than 3 layers, especially in case of white pigment.
I used white pigment in few places: lower part of the belly stripes (like on images 62 and 63), stripes on the hindquarters (image 64) around the muzzle and on inner side of legs.
Later I put brown pigment on ears and also a bit on the muzzle. And black pigment on tail and mane and inside the ears (images62 and 63) You can also add a bit of grey pigment on the muzzle.
16. The last things to do are: the eyes, some small corrections if necessary and the protective layer of varnish (I use satin varnish most of the times).
I painted the eyes in few simple steps. I use metallic paints (copper colour and golden colour) for the iris but you can as well use the normal colours like brown and yellowish brown. Before you start painting the eyes you can paint part of the stripes under the eyes into brown colour (image 66).
Painting eyes in few steps:
Now, check if any places need corrections. You can add some details inside the ears. Now put protective layer of varnish (spray) on the figure. When it's dry you can add gloss varnish on the eyes.
And voila, the Grevy's zebra figure is finished!!!
Do you have any suggestions for future tutorials here? Or any questions about this one? Feel free to ask ;)
Time for the part 2 of the tutorial. We start from the zebra that looked like on the image 26 from the previous part of the tutorial.
10. If you have painted the stripes on the neck and shoulders (pictures 27 and 28) already it's now time to paint the ones on the barrel (images 29-33). Few tips that may be helpful here:
At the end of this step your zebra should look similar like on the pictures 32 and 33
11. Next step is to paint pattern on the hindquarters. In this step is extremely important to all the time compare work to the reference photos of real zebras because this pattern is quite complicated. It will vary a lot between specimens and it reminds fingerprints. Many zebras will have a small dot or short stripe in the middle of hindquarters pattern. But some will just have a kind of white triangle. In the rear part of the hindquarters the black lines become really very thin. When the pattern on this part is ready (it should be painted with a very thin brush, for example 10/0) paint also the small pattern on the tail, it's relatively easy now, just several very thin lines painted a bit irregularly in more or less horizontal arrangement. Tail lines should not go lower than in the middle of the total tail length. Images 34 to 40 will show you how I painted these elements. For now I would leave the legs white yet and start painting the head.
12. Time for painting the pattern on a head of the zebra. Start painting from the lines that goes from the eye corner to the nostrils area. (Images 41 and 42) Then add the lines below (images 43 and 44). These are thickest lines of all zebra head and have a bit more than 1 mm thickness. Other black lines on head have less then 1 millimetre, sometimes it will be less than a half. You can now also add the small marks above the eyes. The last step in this part of tutorial will be painting the stripes in the area between eyes ears and neck. Here the lines are quite thin again and usually have many branches (Images 45-47)
In the next part of the tutorial we will have to paint the thinnest lines on the legs and head and also add several softer effects with pastels and then paint the eyes.
First post in my blog will be about painting Grévy's zebra (Equus grevyi) model. This is model of zebra in scale 1:22, sculpted by me in 2014, it's available in unpainted version in the Likaon Wildlife Models shop (www.likaonmodels.com). I will try to write step by step and (I hope so) easy to understand tutorial
To paint the zebra like that you will need:
1. To the first step I actually don't have a picture, I think this is probably unnecessary. You just need to clean the model and put white primer on it and when it's dry paint it white.
2. I would suggest to paint now all easier black elements like: eyes, dorsal stripe and belly stripe (images 1-4). All these elements I painted using rather thin brush number 1 and black paint with a small dose of thinner. For the reference on belly stripe you should search images of rolling or resting Grevy's zebras. Painting dorsal stripe is a good idea also because it will help you to keep the (relative) symmetry of the pattern. Dorsal stripe in this scale should be about 5 millimetres wide.
3. Now time to paint some details on ears, inside the nostrils, and line in the mouth (this will be much softer line later on when you add pastels) and also around the hooves, underside of the pasterns and a tip of tail, (like on the images 5-8). Black colour on the tail tip should not extend about 1/5th of the total length of tail. This all can be done by brush 1 but to some details you may want to use even thinner ones (2/0 for example).
4. The next step will be painting the brownish area on the nostrils and muzzle. I used for that a kind of yellowish brown mixed with burnt sienna. Before painting it observe this shape also on photos of real zebras. Also make sure it's as symmetrical when you look at it from the front. (images 9-11)
5. Add some grey now. The hooves of these zebras are usually dark grey (mix black with a bit of white and brown for the base colour for hooves) you can use the same or a bit whiter grey for the chestnuts and udder. You can also do dry brush with a bit of grey on the muzzle. Don't worry, colour of muzzle will change a bit yet when you add some pastels later. Add also thin white line to the underbelly marking (look at images 12-15)
6. Now it's moment when you actually start working on the typical zebra pattern. Again I would suggest to chose the easiest ones for the start - one or two stripes on neck are usually the thickest. They should be about 2 millimetres wide in the widest place. Don't make them too regular. Zebra stripes are a bit like rivers or branches of some trees and not like stripes from barcode ;) . Note that the neck stripes from both sides are usually connected in the front and create some kind of collars for the zebra. Look at image number 16 and search good reference photos to compare.
7. Next step will be painting some major lines to make the further process of painting easier and find kind of order in the complicated pattern of zebra. On the images 17 and 18 you can see the shoulder stripes, these should go straight from the withers and then few centimetres lower they should split in two lines - one will go to the elbow and other one to the front of the animal. Observe this on real zebra, it will vary a bit in every specimen but usually you will find something similar on almost every one of them.
8. Now you can paint also the middle stripe of the belly just to make painting easier later. Then paint the stripes on the flanks (images 19-20) and add also curved stripes on the hindquarters, these usually have some branches (images 21 and 22) The stripes I painted on the right side are probably just a bit too regular and I may slightly correct them - make them more irregular - later.
9. Time for painting of all missing stripes on the neck. Start from the one that is closets to ears, this one should be much thinner (total 1millimetre width) then the two wide ones you painted before (image 23). Then paint the ones in between. They become gradually thinner with each one closer to the ears. And so you got something like on the images 24-25. If you add few more stripes on the shoulder you have the situation like on image 26 and this is final image in first part of the zebra tutorial. Lot of work anyway I think! :) Hopefully I will be able to add next part soon.
About this blog :
This blog is about my collection of miniature animal models (toys and not only) and about my artworks (mainly small scale animalistic sculptures). Some posts will also be about real animals, equestrian sport and more.
Other blogs I read: